NEW YORK – Text messaging is posing both new opportunities and dangers for Americas political campaigns.
The most widely used form of mobile communication, it has become one of the most effective ways for campaigns to reach supporters, using 160-character messages to encourage last-minute donations or provide information such as where to vote. And strict federal rules prohibit such texts from going to anyone who does not opt-in to receive them.
But some groups have found their way around that requirement, using email – rather than the SMS short code that telemarketers normally use – to send unsolicited, anonymous and often negative messages to cellphone lists they purchase through brokers.
Theyve taken a tool and technology we used to help people get voter information and turned it into a very sophisticated way to do voter-suppression tactics and annoy people with false and misleading information, said Scott Goodstein of Revolution Messaging, a Democratic-leaning mobile communications firm. Worse yet, people are being charged to receive these messages.
Goodstein has filed a complaint about the practice with the Federal Communications Commission, which enforces the Telephone Consumer Protection Act.
The law prohibits telemarketers from texting to any telephone number or any service for which the called party is charged.
Unsolicited messages hit the presidential campaign this year, when texts targeting Republican Mitt Romney surfaced in Colorado, South Carolina and Michigan. Voters received texts urging them to call a number where they heard a recorded message criticizing the former Massachusetts governor.
Spam texts have popped up in congressional campaigns in states including Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Missouri and Minnesota. Theyve also appeared in several state legislative races.
Some of the texts have been followed back to Americans in Contact PAC, a Republican-leaning group whose mission is to identify social and fiscal conservatives throughout America and engage them at the grassroots level in the political process.
A spokesman for the group did not respond to emails and phone calls seeking comment.
The emergence of such unsolicited texting comes as campaigns have redoubled their efforts to incorporate text messaging into their broader communication strategy.
President Obamas 2008 campaign largely pioneered the use of political text messaging. Thats the way supporters were alerted that Obama had selected then-Delaware Sen. Joe Biden to be his running mate, for example.
Strategists for Romney, the favorite to be the Republican presidential nominee, have been building up the campaigns texting program in hopes of competing with Obama for the number of supporters it reaches.
Texting is the cleanest channel available to engage with supporters, Romney digital director Zac Moffatt said, adding that the proliferation of third-party groups spam-texting voters was a real problem for us. People blame the campaign.