Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson orders his forces to attack the Union army on the Warrenton Turnpike in northern Virginia on Aug. 28, 1862, opening the Second Battle of Bull Run, or Manassas.
Furious fighting rages for hours at the Brawner Farm, not far from the site of the First Battle of Manassas. Union Maj. Gen. John Pope is certain he has trapped Jackson and sends a large federal force to attack Confederates on the farm, set on a ridge.
The opening day of battle reaches a thundering crescendo in a 90-minute firefight between rival infantry lines set about 80 yards apart. Sunset brings a pause as the first days fighting abates. Then, on Aug. 29, 1862, Pope initiates a series of assaults against Jacksons lines along an unfinished railroad route.
Heavy casualties arise as the attacks are rebuffed on the second day of fighting. On the third day, Aug. 30, Pope renews his attacks, apparently unaware that the Confederates have been heavily reinforced. Confederate artillery shreds yet another Union assault and a large fighting force of Confederates totaling 28,000 fiercely counterattacks.
The Confederate onslaught smashes one of the Union flanks and the federal army is driven back. Popes army, despite an effective rearguard action, is forced to retreat to Centreville as Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee scores a decisive victory.
– Associated Press