What if you could soothe a sore throat or a headache with the snip of a scissors? Plant some herbs indoors now, before fall sets in, and you could have a winters worth of folksy remedies.
Many medicinal plants, especially herbs, grow well indoors, says Amy Jeanroy, who runs a greenhouse business near her Ravenna, Neb., home, and writes and teaches about medicinal herbs. She recommends starting with thyme, chamomile, mint, lemon balm and sage.
Each works well as a tea: Grow, cut and dry them for use throughout the year, or use fresh herbs. To brew a tea, add 1 teaspoon of dried – or 3 teaspoons of fresh – herbs to 1 cup of boiled water; steep several minutes, then remove the herbs.
All five herbs aid digestion, says herbalist Christina Blume, who has taught medicinal and other herb-related classes at the Denver Botanic Gardens.
A lot of herbs that people already cook with are herbs that have medicinal qualities, Jeanroy says. It doesnt necessarily mean its kicking the flu for you. It helps you.
Physician Andrew Weil maintains a list of healthful herbs and their uses at his website, DrWeil.com.
Consult a doctor before trying to treat a health problem with herbs, Jeanroy says.
She treats her five children with herbs such as chamomile. It helps with the crankiness the kids get when theyre feverish, she says.
Thyme, Jeanroy says, can soothe a throat sore from coughing, and Blume touts its anti-viral properties.
Mint – especially peppermint – is a home remedy for an upset stomach. And it can mask the strong or bitter taste of some other herbs, such as sage, which can soothe mouth sores and bleeding gums after dental work, Jeanroy says.
Lemon balm can be drunk as a tea to counter headaches or used to make a topical, antiseptic cleanser.
If theres one herb that does tons of great stuff, lemon balm is it, Jeanroy says.
The indoor medicinal garden that Teresa Mazikowski, a staff gardener who spearheaded the Buffalo and Erie County (N.Y.) Botanical Gardens indoor medicinal garden, tends goes beyond common herbs. It was planted with public education in mind, she says, and includes rare and tropical plants, as well. The idea is to teach people how to keep themselves healthy so they dont have to take drugs when theyre sick, Mazikowski says.
The DYouville College School of Pharmacy, and Mercy Hospital, both in Buffalo, collaborated with the citys Botanical Gardens to launch the medicinal garden with plants that show promise in pharmaceutical research, including turmeric, Pacific yew, cayenne pepper and ginseng.
Her own indoor garden includes oregano, mint, parsley, sage, lemon balm, lemon verbena, catmint and chives.
Start with a small indoor garden, Mazikowski suggests, and know that the plants arent likely to last longer than 18 months.
Use a large, clean pot filled with sterile potting soil. Sow seeds or use small starter plants.
Unless you have a spot that gets six hours or more of sunlight, youll need to invest in grow lights, Jeanroy says. Plants grow best if the daytime indoor temperature is between 70 and 75 degrees, and the nighttime temperature about 10 degrees cooler. Make sure theres a drainage hole in the pot, and dont over-water.