The album features the Belgian-born, Australian-raised singer's multiplatinum hit "Somebody That I Used to Know," which was the top song of the year on digital music service Spotify.
Gotye won three other awards at Thursday night's Arias, including best pop release, best Australian live act and best male artist.
The annual awards show is Australia's version of the Grammys. This year's gala featured appearances by Taylor Swift, Nicki Minaj and Russell Brand.
Fans shrieked with glee when British pop group One Direction was dubbed best international artist. The quintet thanked their Aussie supporters via video link.