Sarah Thomas was a 23-year-old ex-college basketball player when she was thrown off a Mississippi church-league team because she was female. So she joined her older brother at a football officials organizational meeting as a way to stay in sports.
After 16 years of calling high school and college games, she is poised to become the National Football Leagues first permanent female game official, possibly as soon as the 2014 season.
I didnt set out to break a glass ceiling or a gender barrier, said Thomas, 39, of Brandon, Miss. If youre doing things because you love them, then things have a tendency to just kind of fall into place.
Thomas and Shannon Eastin, who broke the gender barrier last season as a temporary official while union referees were locked out by owners, are among 35 officials in the NFLs training pool. Eastin is at the lower level and Thomas, a line judge, is one of 21 from whom the NFL will choose the next time theres an opening.
Sarahs at the top of our scouting program, Dean Blandino, the NFLs vice president of officiating, said in a telephone interview. Now were taking an even closer look as part of this developmental program to see who distinguishes themselves and give them a taste of the NFL speed, rules and mechanics.
Thomas promotion to the NFL would be a good positive first step that begins to reflect the gender dynamics of the NFL audience, said Aine Duggan, president of the National Council for Research on Women. Its important for women to see themselves reflected on and off the field. Having a woman referee is a good step that begins to do that.
About 47 percent of the 108.4 million people who watched the 2013 Super Bowl were female, according to Nielsen Holdings NV data.
Thomas, who officiates college football in Conference USA, worked an Indianapolis Colts minicamp last month. Shell call NFL preseason games in August.
Its pretty quick, Thomas said in a telephone interview. In those scrimmage games you sit back and think its really not, but when you start digging into every responsibility at that position, you really do realize its a lot faster.
Shes already proven herself in the NCAAs FBS, said Gerald Austin, a former NFL referee who worked in three Super Bowls and is now coordinator of officials for Conference USA.
Her judgment on calls has graded out very high, Austin said in a telephone interview. Let the coaches coach the game, let the players play the game, but when theres a call that needs to be made then have the wherewithal and courage to step up and make the call. Shes shown adeptness at knowing when you should pull the trigger.
The NBA has used female referees since 1997, when Violet Palmer and Dee Kantner were hired. Major League Baseball has never had a woman umpire.
Thomas, who has two boys, 9 and 12, and a 6-month-old girl, also works full-time in pharmaceutical sales for Novo Nordisk.
She squeezes in time throughout the week to watch game film and talk to colleagues about situations and rules. Most NFL game officials are part time, and they will make an average of $173,000 this season.
You just do it, she said, while expressing appreciation for help from her husband, Brian. I have to tend to the kids, I have to do my job, and I have to get ready for football season. Its just what I have to do.
In 2009, Thomas became the first woman to officiate a college football bowl game: the Little Caesars Bowl between Ohio and Marshall.