WASHINGTON – For the first time since 2009, previously occupied U.S. homes are selling at a pace associated with a healthy market.
Sales jumped 6.5 percent in July to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.4 million, the National Association of Realtors said Wednesday. Over the past 12 months, sales have surged 17.2 percent. The trend shows that housing remains a driving force for the economy even as mortgage rates have risen from record lows.
People have been buying previously occupied homes at an annual pace above 5 million for three straight months. The last time that happened was in 2007. Sales are far above the 3.45 million pace of July 2010, the low point after the housing bubble burst. Analysts say a healthy sales pace is roughly between 5 million and 5.5 million.
Buyers last month weren’t dissuaded by higher long-term mortgage rates, which have jumped, on average, a full percentage point since early May. The higher rates might have led some potential buyers to buy in July out of fear that rates will rise further.
July’s report captures completed sales, which typically reflect mortgage rates that were locked in a month or two earlier. A fuller effect of higher mortgage rates might not be clear until August home sales are reported next month.
Sales could slow later this year, especially if the Federal Reserve scales back its bond purchases. The Fed’s bond purchases have kept long-term interest rates, including mortgage rates, historically low.
For now, the average rate on 30-year mortgages remains low by historical standards. It was 4.4 percent last week.
The one percentage-point jump in mortgage rates in the past year doesn’t seem to have slowed home sales, said Sal Guatieri, senior economist at BMO Capital Markets. The jump in rates might have pulled forward some purchases, so a few more months of data are likely needed to wave the all-clear flag.
Steady hiring and low mortgage rates have helped the housing market recover over the last year. Banks have also begun easing tight credit standards, which have made it hard for many people to get mortgages.