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Pioneer of photography in space dies at age 81

Bruce Murray, a former director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, who was an ambitious proponent of space exploration and was among the first to emphasize the use of photography of other planets, died Thursday at his home in Oceanside, Calif.

He was 81.

He had Alzheimer’s disease, the Planetary Society, an organization he helped found, announced in a statement.

Murray was director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a space exploration arm of NASA, from 1976 to 1982. He began working for the space laboratory in 1960.

As a part of the scientific team that launched the Mariner series of missions to Mars and other planets in the 1960s and 1970s, Murray was one of the first scientists to highlight the use of photography in space science.

Mariner 4 transmitted pictures of the terrain of Mars back to Earth in 1965, the first time images of the surface of another planet had been seen.

Popular typewriter repairman dies at 96

Manson H. Whitlock, one of the country’s longest-serving repairmen of the clattering keyboard contraptions known as typewriters, died Wednesday at his home in Bethany, Conn. He was 96.

The cause was not disclosed, but Whitlock closed his shop in June, when he was hospitalized with a kidney ailment.

Typewriters have all but fallen silent in recent years, but Whitlock kept plugging along, as a dwindling number of customers hunted the streets of New Haven, Conn., and pecked at the door of his second-floor shop near the campus of Yale University.

He had been on the job since 1930, when he began working at his father’s bookstore.

Whitlock’s customers included authors Robert Penn Warren, Archibald MacLeish and John Hersey, as well as A. Bartlett Giamatti, Yale president and baseball commissioner.