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Associated Press
The price of gas has fallen all month, hitting $3.42 a gallon from $3.59 at the start of September. Further cuts are likely.

Relief at the pump, for now

Gas prices retreat as weather, output calm key markets

– Gasoline prices have fallen steadily throughout September, and drivers can look forward to even cheaper fill-ups in the weeks ahead.

The national average price for a gallon of gasoline is now $3.42, down from $3.59 on Sept. 1. The price is the lowest it’s been at this time of year since 2010 and is likely to keep falling.

“It’s a lay-up for me to predict lower prices until Columbus Day weekend,” said Tom Kloza, chief oil analyst at GasBuddy.com and Oil Price Information Service, which tracks retail and wholesale gasoline prices.

Wholesale gasoline prices have fallen faster in recent days than pump prices, so drivers can expect to pay even less as the pump prices catch up.

Gas prices tend to decline soon after Labor Day, but last year they didn’t start going down until mid-October. There are a number of reasons for this fall’s drop in price, experts say:

•Refiners can switch to cheaper blends of gasoline in the winter months as clean-air rules are relaxed.

•Gasoline demand declines in the fall after the summer driving season ends. At the same time supplies rise, because refiners are still making gasoline as they keep operations humming to make heating oil for winter and diesel and jet fuel for shippers.

•This year, refineries have been relatively problem free. There have been no hurricanes, and few unexpected problems at refineries or pipelines, unlike last year.

Even high oil prices haven’t stopped gasoline’s decline. Oil briefly topped $112 in late August as a U.S. threat of military action against Syria made the market nervous about Middle East supplies. The price of oil has since fallen, but remains above $100 a barrel. Still, gasoline has dropped to its lowest price since Jan. 31.

Friday, oil fell 16 cents to close at $102.87 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Last year at this time drivers were paying 37 cents a gallon more than they are this year, on average, because Hurricane Irene and refinery and pipeline problems disrupted gasoline production in August and September.

California prices rose sharply in late September, then hit a record $4.67 a gallon in early October.

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