You choose, we deliver
If you are interested in this story, you might be interested in others from The Journal Gazette. Go to www.journalgazette.net/newsletter and pick the subjects you care most about. We'll deliver your customized daily news report at 3 a.m. Fort Wayne time, right to your email.

U.S.

  • Obama to spare 5 million from deportation
    WASHINGTON – Spurning furious Republicans, President Barack Obama unveiled expansive executive actions on immigration Thursday night to spare nearly 5 million people in the U.S. illegally from deportation and refocus enforcement efforts on
  • Reaction to the president's plan
    Reaction to the president's immigration plan: “I think the president will come to regret the chapter history writes if he does move forward.
  • Defying GOP, Obama to spare 5M from deportation
    Defying Republicans and bypassing Congress, President Barack Obama prepared to invoke his executive authority Thursday night to spare nearly 5 million people in the U.S. illegally from deportation. Millions more will remain in limbo.
Advertisement
Associated Press
Navajo Code Talker Chester Nez lied about his age to join the Marines in 1942. He and 28 other Navajos created a code to stump the Japanese.

Last Navajo Code Talker dies

Among 29 who were Marines during WWII

– The language he once was punished for speaking in school became Chester Nez’s primary weapon in World War II.

Before hundreds of men from the Navajo Nation became Code Talkers, Nez and 28 others were recruited to develop a code based on the then-unwritten Navajo language. Locked in a room for 13 weeks, they came up with an initial glossary of more than 200 terms using Navajo words for red soil, war chief, braided hair and hummingbird, for example, and an alphabet.

Nez never tired of telling the story to highlight his pride in having served his country and to stress the importance of preserving the Navajo language. The 93-year-old died Wednesday morning of kidney failure with plenty of appearances still scheduled, said Judith Avila, who helped Nez publish his memoirs. He was the last of the original group of 29 Navajo Code Talkers.

“It’s one of the greatest parts of history that we used our own native language during World War II,” Nez told The Associated Press in 2009. “We’re very proud of it.”

Navajo President Ben Shelly ordered flags lowered across the reservation in honor of Nez from sunrise Thursday to sunset Sunday.

Nez was in 10th grade when he lied about his age to enlist in the U.S. Marine Corps, not knowing he would become part of an elite group of Code Talkers. He wondered whether the code would work since the Japanese were skilled code breakers.

Few non-Navajos spoke the Navajo language, and even those who did couldn’t decipher the code. It proved impenetrable. The Navajos trained in radio communications were walking copies of it. Each message read aloud by a Code Talker immediately was destroyed.

“The Japanese did everything in their power to break the code, but they never did,” Nez said in the AP interview.

Nez grew up speaking only Navajo in Two Wells, New Mexico, on the eastern side of the Navajo Nation. He learned English as a second language while attending boarding school, where he had his mouth washed out with soap for speaking Navajo.

When a Marine recruiter came looking for young Navajos who were fluent in Navajo and English to serve in World War II, Nez said he told his roommate, “Let’s try it out.”

The dress uniforms caught his attention, too. “They were so pretty,” Nez said.

About 250 Navajos showed up at Fort Defiance, then a U.S. Army base. Only 29 were selected to join the first all-Native American unit of Marines. They were inducted in May 1942 and became the 382nd Platoon, tasked with developing the code.

Navajos then weren’t even allowed to vote.

After World War II, Nez volunteered to serve two more years during the Korean War. He retired in 1974 after a 25-year career as a painter at the Veterans Affairs hospital in Albuquerque. His artwork of 12 Navajo holy people was on display at the hospital.

For years, Nez’s family and friends knew only that he fought the Japanese during World War II.

Nez was eager to tell his family more about his role as a Code Talker, Avila said, but he couldn’t. Their mission wasn’t declassified until 1968.

The accolades came much later. The original group received Congressional Gold Medals in 2001, and Nez often joked about pawning his. He measured the accuracy of the movie “Windtalkers,” which came out the following year and was based on the Code Talkers, at 78 percent. He said the Navajo spoken by Adam Beach was hard to understand but said the actor “tried his best.”

Code Talkers have appeared on television and at parades, and they are routinely asked to speak to veterans groups and students. They are celebrated on the Navajo Nation with a tribal holiday.

In 2012, Nez received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Kansas.

Advertisement