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The Journal Gazette

Saturday, February 18, 2017 10:01 pm

Spying fears stir network industry

Jordan Robertson | Bloomberg

Of all the lasting effects of Edward Snowden’s leaks, there’s one photo that leaves a particularly strong mark.

In it, U.S. federal employees in T-shirts and blue jeans are seen intercepting network equipment from Cisco Systems Inc. at a shipping facility. The feds in the photo, their faces obscured, were reprogramming the machines to spy on people’s activities.

The image captured a deeply held paranoia within Silicon Valley’s biggest internet companies: In an era of increasingly sophisticated nation-state hacking, how can we trust that network infrastructure isn’t compromised before it’s dropped off at the company loading docks?

This fear has created a sense of urgency for Apple, Google, Facebook and other technology giants that have been devising their own alternatives to Cisco, which controls more than half of the market for network equipment.

After the photo was published, Cisco filed a public complaint with the White House, arguing that spying by the National Security Agency was hurting U.S. companies. Cisco told Bloomberg it doesn’t cooperate with governments on creating "backdoors" for accessing data in its products and maintains tight checks on its processes and supply chain to assure customers of their security.

While Cisco’s dominance isn’t in danger of slipping any time soon, the industry’s creeping concerns over cybersecurity have created an opening for new businesses and equipment-design skunkworks inside large companies.

In the three years since the Snowden leaks, networking software and equipment startups raised $6.35 billion, a 47 percent increase over the previous three years, according to researcher CB Insights.

"We’ve lost confidence in the vendors in the wake of the Snowden revelations, and that is a weakness and an opportunity," said John Kindervag, a vice president at market analysis firm Forrester Research.

One company that’s benefiting is SnapRoute Inc., which was founded by a former manager of Apple’s global data center network. The startup makes a cheaper, simpler network switch than the ones Cisco sells. And unlike most switches, it’s open-source, letting customers look for bugs, performance glitches or backdoors that might let a government peek inside.

SnapRoute plans to announce a $25 million round of funding Tuesday from AT&T, Microsoft, Lightspeed Venture Partners and Norwest Venture Partners. The startup counts Facebook among its customers.

Facebook is also a founding member of the Open Compute Project, which develops and shares open-source data center designs. It launched the project in 2011 after revealing details about a data center it built in Prineville, Oregon, using only Facebook-designed servers, power supplies and backup systems.

Google, Apple, Goldman Sachs and Microsoft are now members. So is Cisco. It’s playing along with a potential competitor because CEO Chuck Robbins has said the company needs to be "part of every technology discussion that our customers want to have."