OK, we get it: It's important to let our kids fail now so that they're not left dependent and helpless in college, to not swoop in and save them from a bad grade – or a tough teacher.
We've seen the research and read the sound advice underscoring the anxiety-reducing effects of giving your kids more agency over their own lives.
But when your kid comes home from school venting about unfair assignments or teachers who “hate” them, how can we well-meaning parents defuse our own anxieties while still supporting our (precious! fragile! frustrated!) babies? How can we remain calm when we're afraid our kids aren't being heard or getting a fair shake?
“Teach your kids how to advocate for themselves,” says Jessica Lahey, author of “The Gift of Failure: How the Best Parents Learn to Let Go So Their Children Can Succeed.” “Being able to face an adult when you're intimidated is one of the most important skills we can teach kids. To me, that ability speaks more highly for a kid's character than being coddled all the way into an Ivy League school.”
In her book, the educator and mom of two aims to coax the helicoptering out of parenthood by showing us that our attempts to rescue our kids from discomfort are what prevent them from learning the skills to avoid those situations in the first place.
“Encourage your children to talk to their teachers – parents need to foster those opportunities in order for their kids to grow and learn,” says Lahey, emphasizing the long-term benefits of parents taking a step back to allow their children to develop their voice.
“I respect the ability of a student to come to me – not emotionally, not freaking out – far more than an email from a parent, especially if they consider the opposing perspective and figure out how to persuade me to their side. These are some of the most important things we can teach our children.”
Mastering the art of speaking up for yourself can start as early as kindergarten, which often means setting kids up with self-advocacy training wheels. Fielding Winters, lower-school math coordinator at Norwood School in Bethesda, Maryland, says that a little hand-holding in the early grades is a fine way to practice this skill.
“If your child is overwhelmed by the idea of approaching a teacher, try inviting that teacher into the situation. Explain that you're trying to teach your kid to self-advocate and ask if she'd encourage your kid to talk to her,” Winters says. “Then that teacher not only becomes aware but also becomes an ally. You can even set up a conference where you're present, but encourage your child (to) speak on his own behalf.” This advice also applies when a child feels misunderstood by a teacher or doesn't agree with the rules or their implementation.
Practicing this in early grades will ease your child's (and your) transition into middle school.
“Middle school is a good time for kids to take more responsibility for their learning, both socially and academically,” says Casey Robinson, principal of H-B Woodlawn secondary school in Arlington, Virginia. “Parents need to be involved, but more in terms of knowing what's going on with their children and helping them problem solve as opposed to being the primary problem solver.” Think of it as stepping into the role of coach or consultant, Robinson says: Offer support and advice, but let your kids be the ones to manage their own academic experience.
By high school, says Robinson, it's time for students to be the main drivers of their education. “They're developmentally ready to do that. As a parent, you need to keep an open line of communication with your teen” – and tamping down your anxieties will go a long way toward doing that – “but you also need to ensure that they're prepared to manage their own social, emotional and academic issues,” Robinson says. “If they've been in situations where they've had to make decisions for themselves all along, they'll be better prepared to make smart calls about substance abuse, drinking or being a safe driver.” By the same token, she points out, if they've always been constrained and managed, they'll slip around those boundaries the first time they're given that opportunity.
When the stakes feel high, though – and we parents tend to view our kids' social interactions and academic performances through a magnifying glass – this is easier said than done. It's tough to fight the impulse to step in when we're afraid our kids are going to fall short on an assignment, or when a teacher is dismissing their efforts. Still, Robinson says, teachers would always rather hear from the student than the parent, even if it doesn't result in that student getting the answer they're looking for.
In other words, says Robinson, it's far better for a student to face a missed deadline head-on by addressing it directly with the teacher than to avoid class for fear of the consequence. This can be hard (but important) for students – and their parents – to swallow. “There's this need in our culture to avoid having your kid get a C. But guess what? If that happens – and they feel embarrassed about their grade or their lack of preparation – that's how kids learn to put the structures in place to prevent it from happening again,” she says. “Those natural consequences help kids figure out that it feels good (to) show up for class prepared and understand what's happening.”