Skip to main content

The Journal Gazette

Friday, May 17, 2019 1:00 am

Trump plan to overhaul immigration law unveiled

Associated Press

Also

South Florida braces for migrants

FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. – Officials in South Florida say they are preparing for an influx of immigrants being sent by the federal government as the number of migrants arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border grows rapidly.

Broward County Mayor Mark Bogen said Thursday that officials in his community and neighboring Palm Beach County were alerted by the federal government that more than 100 immigrants would be sent weekly to each of the two counties by plane starting in about two weeks.

Palm Beach County Sheriff Ric Bradshaw said he was notified of the plans by the Miami office of the U.S. Border Patrol, and that a total of 1,000 people per month would be brought to the two counties from the El Paso, Texas, area. He said immigrant parents and children would be processed in both Florida counties, given a notice to appear in court and then released into the community.

WASHINGTON – Unveiling a new immigration plan, President Donald Trump said Thursday he wanted to provide a sharp contrast with Democrats, and he did – aiming to upend decades of family-based immigration policy with an approach that favors younger, “totally brilliant,” high-skilled workers he says won't compete for American jobs.

Trump's sweeping immigration plan is more a campaign document than anything else. It's a White House attempt to stretch beyond the “build-the-wall” rhetoric that swept the president to office but may not be enough to deliver him a second term. As Trump heads into reelection season, his campaign sees the plan as a way to help him look more reasonable on a signature issue than he often seems – and to cast Democrats as blocking him.

“We want immigrants coming in. We cherish the open door,” Trump said in a Rose Garden speech as Cabinet members and Republican lawmakers filled the front rows.

Trump said his new system, with points given for those with advanced degrees, job offers and other attributes, will make it exactly “clear what standards we ask you to achieve.”

Nowadays, “we discriminate against genius,” he said, using a softer tone than his usual fiery campaign rallies. “We discriminate against brilliance. We won't anymore once we get this passed.”

Even before the speech, Democrats, whose votes would be needed for any bill to be approved by Congress, panned the effort and questioned the Republican Party's commitment to families.

“Are they saying family is without merit?” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi asked. “Are they saying most of the people who've come to the United States in the history of our country are without merit because they don't have an engineering degree?”

Pelosi continued: “Certainly we want to attract the best to our country.” But she said “merit” is a “condescending” word that means “merit in the eyes of Donald Trump.”

Kushner's role

Trump's new plan has been months in the making, a project of his son-in-law, Jared Kushner, who has been meeting privately with business groups, religious leaders and conservatives to find common ground among Republicans on an issue that has long divided the party.

Kushner has long complained that many advocates on the immigration issue are very clear about what they're against but have much more trouble articulating what they're “for.” Kushner set out to create a proposal that Republicans might be able to rally around, his mission to give the president and his party a clear platform heading into the 2020 elections.

With a humanitarian crisis at the border – officials said this week that a fourth child, a 2-year-old Guatemalan migrant, died in U.S. custody – Trump promised to halt illegal border crossings with the “most complete and effective border security package ever assembled.” He did not mention the child's death.

As part of the plan, officials want to shore up ports of entry to ensure all vehicles and people are screened and to create a self-sustaining fund, paid for with increased fees, to modernize ports of entry.

The plan also calls for building border wall in targeted locations and continues to push for an overhaul to the U.S. asylum system, with the goal of processing fewer applications and more quickly removing people who don't qualify.

In addition, the plan includes a proposal to allow public donations to pay for the president's long-promised border wall.

The plan does not address what to do about the millions of immigrants already living in the country illegally, including hundreds of thousands of young “Dreamers” brought to the U.S. as children – a priority for Democrats. Nor does it reduce overall rates of immigration, as Trump aide Stephen Miller and many conservative Republicans would like.

Republicans in Congress who were briefed on the plan by Kushner and Miller this week welcomed, but did not fully embrace, the approach. Some of those up for reelection, including Sen. Susan Collins of Maine, objected to its failure to account for the young Dreamers.

Green card priority

At its core, the proposal would fundamentally overhaul how the country for decades has approached immigration. The country has long placed a preference on providing green cards to family members of immigrants.

Under the Trump plan, the country would award the same number of green card as it now does, about 1 million annually. But far more would go to exceptional students, professionals and people with high-level and vocational degrees. Factors such as age, English language ability and employment offers would also be considered.

Far fewer green cards would be given to people with relatives already in the U.S. They would be reserved just for immediate family members – Trump mentioned spouses and children – rather than parents and adult siblings.