NEW YORK -- Stocks sank Monday on Wall Street, putting the benchmark S&P 500 on track for what the market considers a correction -- a drop of 10% or more from its most recent high.
The S&P 500 fell 2.5% to 4,287.22 as of 10:15 a.m. Fort Wayne time, and is now down about 10.7% from the high it set Jan. 4. A close of 4,316.90 or lower will put it into a correction.
The declines in the market extend a recent run of losses that have left major indexes in a January slump. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 712 points, or 2.1%, to 33,544, and the Nasdaq fell 3%.
Investors have been growing increasingly worried about how aggressively the Federal Reserve, which holds a policy meeting this week, might act to cool rising inflation.
Wall Street anticipates the first increase in interest rates as early as March, and investors have grown increasingly concerned the Fed will have to raise rates more quickly and more often that the central bank originally indicated.
The Fed’s benchmark short-term interest rate is currently in a range of 0% to 0.25%. Investors now see a nearly 70% chance the Fed will raise the rate by at least one percentage point by the end of the year, according to CME Group’s Fed Watch tool.
Federal Reserve policymakers will release their latest statement Wednesday.
On Monday, the energy and raw materials sectors lead the decline. Mining concern Freeport McMoRan slipped 4.6% and General Motors fell 4%.
Technology stocks were among the heaviest weights on the market as investors shift money away from pricier stocks in anticipation of rising interest rates. Higher rates make shares in high-flying tech companies and other expensive growth stocks relatively less attractive. Apple fell 1.7% and Microsoft shed 1.8%.
A wide range of retailers, travel-related companies and others that rely on direct consumer spending also fell broadly and weighed down the broader market. Target fell 1.1% and Carnival fell 5%.
Bond yields edged lower. The yield on the 10-year Treasury fell to 1.72% from 1.74% late Friday.
Falling yields also weighed on banks, which rely on higher yields to charge more lucrative interest on loans. Bank of America fell 3.8%.
Inflation is putting pressure on businesses and consumers as demand for goods continues to outpace supplies. Companies have been warning that supply-chain problems and rising raw-materials costs could crimp their finances. Retailers, food producers and others have been raising prices on goods to try and offset the effect.
Rising costs are raising concerns that consumers will start to ease spending because of the persistent pressure on their wallets.
Investors are monitoring the latest round of corporate earnings, in part, to gauge how companies are dealing with higher prices and what they plan to do as inflation continues pressuring operations.
Monday is a relatively quiet day for earnings, but the pace picks up Tuesday with American Express, Johnson & Johnson, and Microsoft reporting results. Boeing and Tesla report their results Wednesday. McDonald's, Southwest Airlines and Apple report results Thursday.
Wall Street also has several key economic reports to look forward to this week. Investors will get more data on how consumers feel with the release on Tuesday of The Conference Board's Consumer Confidence Index for January. The Commerce Department releases its report on fourth-quarter gross domestic product on Thursday and its report on personal income and spending for December on Friday.