The Journal Gazette
Wednesday, March 16, 2016 2:38 am

Discovery returns hard science to Shark Week

LYNN ELBER | Associated Press

Sharks are serious business this summer, with "Sharknado"-style flippancy barely an echo after grisly attacks on beachgoers off the Florida and Carolina coasts.

Seriousness also marks the tone of Discovery Channel’s Shark Week, which, after veering off course with programs that favored thrills over information, aims to bring the balance back to hard science as the annual event begins Sunday.

It remains to be seen whether the lineup will satisfy critics of 2014’s Shark Week who condemned, among other things, programs awash in what they labeled "pseudoscience."

If skeptics remain unswayed, it won’t be for Discovery’s lack of effort, as Howard Swartz explains it. He’s the Discovery vice president for documentaries and specials overseeing all Shark Week content, his first go at it. The summer staple is airing for the 28th time.

"Discovery is at its best when it’s fulfilling our core brand promise, which is about exploration and adventure, science and research," Swartz said. Shark Week has met that goal before, he said, but this year’s focus is even more intense and revealing.

But entertainment and hyperbole aren’t missing – this is commercial TV, after all.

Consider "Bride of Jaws," (9 p.m. Tuesday, all times EDT), about the search for the largest female great white yet tagged, or "Sharksanity 2" (9 p.m. July 11) with viewer rankings of Shark Week’s "most insane bites, strikes and close calls," as the channel describes it.

Shark Week also acts as a travelogue, taking viewers to Australia, South Africa, the East and West U.S. coasts, Cuba and the Gulf of Mexico.

On a sober note, the lineup offers timely examinations of efforts to develop new tools to help ocean-loving humans and sharks coexist peacefully in areas coping with dangerous shark-vs.-human encounters. The shows were completed before the recent spate of attacks.

There are several reasons for what shark expert Craig O’Connell calls "maybe a slight increase" in dangerous encounters. The jump in the human population and more crowded oceans is one, he said, a factor also cited by scientists in explaining the attacks of the Carolinas.

O’Connell’s efforts to keep people and sharks separated without harm to either are part of "Shark Island," which concludes Shark Week at 8 p.m. July 12. He was a preteen in upstate New York when a Shark Week program of two decades ago showed a shark entangled in a net, leaving him resolved to find fish-safe alternatives to beach nets and drum lines.

"Tiburones: Sharks of Cuba" (10 p.m. Tuesday) relates the joint exploration of the island’s waters by American and Cuban scientists, a first for Shark Week and organized before the countries moved to restore diplomatic ties. The ocean is so pristine and untouched that one scientist compared it to the Bahamas of 80 years ago, Swartz said.

More notable Shark Week footage: epaulette sharks on Australia’s Great Barrier reef using their fins as makeshift legs to return to the ocean from the rocky shore ("Shark Planet," 9 p.m. Thursday) and footage of Mako sharks breaching out of the water in ambush attacks ("Monster Mako," 10 p.m. Sunday).

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