The Journal Gazette
Sunday, May 26, 2019 1:00 am

Anaconda becomes mom with no male assistance

Katie Mettler | Washington Post

Staffers at the New England Aquarium last winter were setting up for an after-hours event near the Amazon rain forest exhibit when they made an unexpected discovery.

Anna the anaconda – 30 pounds, 8 years old and 10 feet long – had given birth to a litter of baby snakes.

Aquarium staff notified the resident biologist, who scrambled into the tank and found three live babies and about a dozen stillborn.

On its face, anaconda birth isn't unusual. Anacondas have no trouble reproducing in aquarium settings, which is why staffers at this Boston aquarium had taken great care to keep male and female snakes in separate tanks.

By design, Anna's roommates were all female. She had no contact with males.

And yet, she had still, somehow, become pregnant.

Was it magic? Divine intervention? A secret, late-night reptile tryst?

Of course not, the biologists knew. This was simply the wonders of science. The staffers immediately suspected a rare reproductive strategy called parthenogenesis, which means that a female organism can self-impregnate. She does not need no man-aconda.

The word itself is of Greek origin. Its translation means virgin birth.

The phenomenon is far more common in plants and insects, but has been documented in some lizard, shark, bird and snake species. Just once before, at a zoo in the United Kingdom in 2014, had scientists documented a parthenogenesis case in green anacondas whose young were born alive.

“Genetically, it's a vulnerable process,” Aquarium spokesperson Tony LaCasse said. “It's among that tagline, life will find a way. It's a completely unique and amazing reproductive strategy, but it has a low viability compared to sexual reproduction.”

Parthenogenesis is not necessarily a product of captive circumstances. The process has been documented in the wild and is known to occur within species where the female might not see a male for an extended period of time, LaCasse said.

Based on that, parthenogenesis was a logical explanation for Anna's immaculate conception.

But before the aquarium could make it official, the staff biologists “had some detective work to do,” according to a news release.

Anna's female roommates were closely examined to re-confirm their biological sex. Staffers ruled out “delayed embryo implantation,” because Anna's life history was well documented. She had been born at a certified reptile organization and brought to the New England Aquarium as a very young snake, all with no exposure to males.

Call “Maury;” time for a DNA test.

“Aquarium veterinarians sent off tissue samples for analysis,” the news release said. “Many weeks later, the results acknowledged what most Aquarium staff had suspected.”

Anna's DNA was all they found.

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